The Keffiyeh, a.k.a Shemagh, Ghutrah, Hattah, Kufiya, and many more…

shemagh

shemagh

The keffiyeh or kufiya ( Arabic)  كوفية‎‎ kūfiyyah, meaning “from the city of Kufa” (الكوفة); plural كوفيات kūfiyyāt), also known as a ghutrah (غُترَة), shemagh (شماغ šmāġ), ḥaṭṭah (حَطّة), mashadah (مَشَدة), chafiye (Persian : چَفیِه‎‎) or cemedanî (Kurdish: جه مه داني‎), is a traditional Middle Eastern headdress fashioned from a square scarf, usually made of cotton. It is typically worn by Arabs, Kurds, and some Jews.

It is commonly found in arid regions as it provides protection from sunburn, dust and sand. Its distinctive standard woven checkered pattern may have originated in an ancient Mesopotamian representation of either fishing nets or ears of grain, but the true origin of the pattern remains unknown.

Toward the end of the 1980s, the keffiyeh became a fashion accessory in the USA and, during the 2000s, it became very popular among adolescents in Tokyo, where it was often worn with camouflage -style clothing.


Many Palestinian keffiyehs are a mix of cotton and wool, which facilitates quick drying and, when desired, keeping the wearer’s head warm. It is usually folded in half (into a triangle) and the fold worn across the forehead. Often, the keffiyeh is held in place by a circlet of rope called an agal (Arabic: عقال‎‎, ʿiqāl). Some wearers wrap the headgear into a turban, while others wear it loosely draped around the back and shoulders. A taqiyah is sometimes worn underneath the keffiyeh; in the past, it has also been wrapped around the rim of a fez. The keffiyeh is almost always of white cotton cloth, but many have a checkered pattern in red or black stitched into them. The plain white keffiyeh is most popular in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf – in Kuwait and Bahrain, to the exclusion of almost any other style. The keffiyeh is worn by men of all ages, whether on the head or around the shoulders.

In Jordan, the red-and-white keffiyeh is strongly associated with the country and its heritage, where it is known as the shemagh mhadab. The Jordanian version has decorative cotton or wool tassels on the sides; the bigger these tassels, the greater the garment’s supposed value and the status of the person wearing it. It has long been worn by Bedouins and villagers and used as a symbol of honor and/or tribal identification. The tasseled red-and-white Jordanian shemagh is much thicker than the untasseled red-and-white shemagh seen in Persian Gulf countries.

In Yemen, the keffiyeh is used extensively in both red-white and black-white pattern and in some traditional Yemeni designs and colours. Before the 1950s, multi-colored tribal shemagh were used widely; nowadays, these are mostly worn only in Yemen and Oman, while the black/white, red/white or pure-white styles have come to dominate in the countries of the Persian Gulf and Levant. The shemagh is part of an ancient Middle Eastern headgear tradition.

In Malaysia, the keffiyeh has been worn by Muslim women as one of hijab fashion and during Palestinian struggle against Israel that has caught the attention of international media, many Malaysians wore it to show solidarity action for Palestine.

The keffiyeh, especially the all-white keffiyeh, is also known as the ghutrah. This is particularly common in the Arabian Peninsula, where the (optional) skullcap is called a keffiyeh. The garment is also known in some areas as the ḥaṭṭah. Roughly speaking:

Ordinary keffiyeh

A piece of white/orange/black cloth made from wool and cotton, worn primarily by Palestinians.

Shemagh

A piece of cloth, usually made of cotton or flax and decorated with many colors, but usually red and white; worn primarily by Saudi Arabians and Jordanians.

Ghutrah

A piece of white cloth made of cotton mild, worn in western Iraq and by the Arabs of the Persian Gulf states.

For a video on how to tie a keffiyeh, click HERE.

Rezza
It is worn by inhabitants of North Africa and Egypt.

Hirbawi Keffiyeh Royal Blue

Hirbawi Keffiyeh in Royal Blue! Made in Palestine !!! At the Hirbawi Keffiyeh factory. Genuine Cotton Kufiya!!! High Quality !!! Size 1.25m x 1.25m Genuine Product. These scarves are made in Hirbawi factory in Hebron.  It is the last remaining Keffiya factory in Palestine This is the traditional Palestinian Kheffiya scarf, also known as Kufiya. or Kafiya.

History of the Hirbawi Keffiyeh

Reproduced from The Kufiyeh Project.

Historically, the black and white kufiyeh, or hatta, was the popular headdress of the peasants, thus also signifying lower social status and a rural background. In 1936, the peasants led the armed Palestinian resistance against British colonialism and its support of Zionism. In solidarity with the rebels, and to make it more difficult for the British to spot them, Palestinian townsmen started wearing the kufiyeh also.

In the 60’s, the scarf became emblematic of the nascent Palestinian national movement – it was the favored headwear of the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and other symbols of the Palestinian resistance such as Leila Khaled.  Leftist parties used a red-and-white version to differentiate themselves within the wider nationalist movement.

Free Palestine Keffiyeh FLAG, 3’x5′ Palestinian

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  • BRASS GROMMETS FOR HOISTING – LIGHTWEIGHT FABRIC WILL FLY EVEN IN GENTLE BREEZES.
  • DOUBLE SEAM STITCHING ALL ROUND FOR DURABILITY.

Authentic – New Arab – Yasser Arafat Palestinian – Shemagh – Keffiyeh Scarf by Islamic Gifts 123–

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Hirbawi Kufiya “Original” – Palestinian flag colors Keffiyeh with Normal Lace

Original Palestinian product produced by “the last kufiya factory in Palestine”. Hirbawi textile opened their factory on 1961 and produces kufiyas ever since. Yasser Araft used to wear a kufiya made by Hirbawi!

Hirbawi was the first to create the Palestinian pattern. The black and white pattern has come to symbolize the Palestinian struggle; the middle pattern, with its “wire mesh fence” design represents the Israeli occupation, while the oblong-shaped patterns on the side represent olive leaves – a symbol of Palestine and peace.

This kufiya is one of the 3 classic designs – Black & White, Red & White and Pure White.

Product Features

  • The “Real” thing, from Hebron – Palestine
  • Cotton Shemagh with real embroidery
  • Serves as a warming scarf as well as a fashinable item
  • White kufiya, Black, Red and Green palestinian clssic pattern embroidery, regular Lace Edges

Click Here For More Information

Premium Quality Shemagh Keffiyeh Palestinian Scarf (Yasser Arafat Style)-Black Light Green Stripes

Best Quality – Double the Weight. Highest Quality Guaranteed!Massive size with tassles. Excellant quality Arab keffiyeh yashmagh scarf. For men & women. Also known as keffiyeh, shemagh or PLO scarf. Worn traditionally by the palestinan people and desert tribes. Millitary personel have also adopted the scarf and more recently it has become a fashion accessoryBlack with Light Green Stripes and Black Tassels

Product Features

  • 100% Brand New
  • Weight: 300gm / 0.66lbs
  • Size: 125 x 125 cm

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Premium Quality Shemagh Keffiyeh Palestinian Scarf (Yasser Arafat Style) – Red with White Stripes

Best Quality – Double the Weight. Highest Quality Guaranteed!The design is woven into the fabric and not printed as you will find with the small cheap scarvesMassive size with tassles. Excellant quality Arab keffiyeh yashmagh scarf. For men & women. Also known as keffiyeh, shemagh or PLO scarf. Worn traditionally by the palestinan people and desert tribes. Millitary personel have also adopted the scarf and more recently it has become a fashion accessoryBlack with Brown Stripes and Black Tassels

Product Features

  • 100% Brand New
  • Weight: 300gm / 0.66lbs
  • Size: 125 x 125 cm

Click Here For More Information

Premium Quality Shemagh Keffiyeh Palestinian Scarf (Yasser Arafat Style) – Red with Gold Stripes

Best Quality – Double the Weight. Highest Quality Guaranteed!The design is woven into the fabric and not printed as you will find with the small cheap scarvesMassive size with tassles. Excellant quality Arab keffiyeh yashmagh scarf. For men & women. Also known as keffiyeh, shemagh or PLO scarf. Worn traditionally by the palestinan people and desert tribes. Millitary personel have also adopted the scarf and more recently it has become a fashion accessoryBlack with Brown Stripes and Black Tassels

Product Features

  • 125 x 125 cm
  • 300gm / 0.66lbs

Click Here For More Information

Premium Quality Keffiyeh Palestinian Scarf (shemagh) – Red

Best Quality – Double the Weight. Highest Quality Guaranteed!The design is woven into the fabricnot printed as you will find with the small cheap scarvesMassive size with tassles. Excellant quality Arab keffiyeh yashmagh scarf. For men & women. Also known as keffiyeh, shemaghPLO scarf. Worn traditionally by the palestinan peopledesert tribes. Millitary personel have also adopted the scarfmore recently it has become a fashion accessory

Product Features

  • 125 x 125 cm
  • 165gm / 0.36lbs

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Premium Quality Shemagh Keffiyeh Palestinian Scarf (Yasser Arafat Style) – White with Green Stripes

Best Quality – Double the Weight. Highest Quality Guaranteed!The design is woven into the fabric and not printed as you will find with the small cheap scarvesMassive size with tassles. Excellant quality Arab keffiyeh yashmagh scarf. For men & women. Also known as keffiyeh, shemagh or PLO scarf. Worn traditionally by the palestinan people and desert tribes. Millitary personel have also adopted the scarf and more recently it has become a fashion accessoryBlack with Brown Stripes and Black Tassels

Product Features

  • 125 x 125 cm
  • 300gm / 0.66lbs

Click Here For More Information

Premium Quality Shemagh Keffiyeh Palestinian Scarf (Yasser Arafat Style) – Blue with Black Stripes

Best Quality – Double the Weight. Highest Quality Guaranteed!The design is woven into the fabric and not printed as you will find with the small cheap scarvesMassive size with tassles. Excellant quality Arab keffiyeh yashmagh scarf. For men & women. Also known as keffiyeh, shemagh or PLO scarf. Worn traditionally by the palestinan people and desert tribes. Millitary personel have also adopted the scarf and more recently it has become a fashion accessoryBlack with Brown Stripes and Black Tassels

Product Features

  • 125 x 125 cm
  • 300gm / 0.66lbs

Click Here For More Information

Premium Quality Shemagh Keffiyeh Palestinian Scarf (Yasser Arafat Style) – Blue with Gold Stripes

Best Quality – Double the Weight. Highest Quality Guaranteed!The design is woven into the fabric and not printed as you will find with the small cheap scarvesMassive size with tassles. Excellant quality Arab keffiyeh yashmagh scarf. For men & women. Also known as keffiyeh, shemagh or PLO scarf. Worn traditionally by the palestinan people and desert tribes. Millitary personel have also adopted the scarf and more recently it has become a fashion accessoryBlack with Brown Stripes and Black Tassels

Product Features

  • 125 x 125 cm
  • 300gm / 0.66lbs

Click Here For More Information

Premium Quality Shemagh Keffiyeh Palestinian Scarf (Yasser Arafat Style) – Green with Gold Stripes

Best Quality – Double the Weight. Highest Quality Guaranteed!The design is woven into the fabric and not printed as you will find with the small cheap scarvesMassive size with tassles. Excellant quality Arab keffiyeh yashmagh scarf. For men & women. Also known as keffiyeh, shemagh or PLO scarf. Worn traditionally by the palestinan people and desert tribes. Millitary personel have also adopted the scarf and more recently it has become a fashion accessoryBlack with Brown Stripes and Black Tassels

Product Features

  • 125 x 125 cm
  • 300gm / 0.66lbs

Click Here For More Information